Important Sanctuaries and National Parks in India
1. Kaziranga Wild life Sanctuary: This is a world famous sanctuary. It was established in 1926 and covers the total area of 430sq.km of forest land and heavy swamp on the southern bank of Brahmputra. It is the home of about 700 rhino and a few species of elephant, buffalo, tiger, sloth beer, barking deer, wild pig and other birds.
2. Palaman National Park : It is situated in Daltonganj district in Bhihar and is spread over 345 sq. km. It has thick tropical forests and the habitats of this park include tiger, panther, elephant, wild bear, sloth bear, chical, gaur, mouse deer, nilgai, chinkara etc.
3. Manas Wild Life Sanctuary : This sanctuary covers an area of
540 sq.km and situated at an altitude of 50 metres in district Kamrup, Assam, on either sides of Manas river. It harbours tiger, panther, rhino, swamp deer, golden langur, wild bear, wild dog, sambar, etc.
4. Cortigo Wild Life Sanctuary : It covers 105 sq.km. area in south and is located in South Goa. It is rich in wet everreen type of Elve and Berla trees. Sambar, hogeer, hyaena, panthers, leopard, jackal, barking deer, chital, wild beer and birds, such as wood pecker, kingfisher, bulbul, jingle fowl, etc. are the important animals found in this part.
5. Bhagwan Mahadew Wild Life Sanctuary: It is also located in Goa and is spread over 240 sq.km. area. All the habitats of this sanctuary are the same as that of Cortigo Wild Life Sanctuary.
6. Hazaribagh National Park : This national park was established in
1954 in Bihar and has total area of 184 sq.km. It is covered with think tropical forests and is the home for wild bear, sloth bears, hyaena, leopard, tiger, sambar, etc.
7. Shakari Devi Wild Life Sanctuary: Situated in Mandi (Himachal Pradesh) vJh an area of 213 sq.km. This sanctuary has flying fox, musk deer, black bear, snow leopard, partidges, etc.
8. Ranganthitta Bird Sanctuary : It consists of several islands in Cauvery River, 15 km. of Bangalore-Mysore Road near Shrirangapattam. It covers and area of 166 sq.km. and the birds found are spoon bill, wild duck, right heron, little egret, etc.
9. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary : Located in Gurgaon (Haryana) about
30 km from Delhi, and with an area of 2 sq.km. This bird sanctuary has sportbills, drakes, rudyshel, sanus and crane.
10. Sagan Gir : It is the home of lion and is situated 468 km. from Ahmedabad and 43 km. from Veraval (Gujarat). It is spread.over an area of 1295 sq.km. and is rich in deciduous and thorn forests. The important fauna of Sagan Gir includes, gir lion, stripped hyaene, spotted deer, blue bull, four horned antelope, spotted deer, blue bull, four horned antelope, Indian wild bear, langur, pythons, crocodiles, etc. Green pigeon, partridge, rock grause, etc. are the bird species living here.
11. Dachigan Wild Life Sanctuary : This wild life Sanctuary was established in 1951 and is situated 26 km from Srinagar (Kashmir). It covers an area of 2131 sq.km. and used to be old time preserve of rulers of Kashmir. ]t 1árbours hangul (Kashmir stag). It is situated at two levels : one called upper Dachigam and other lower Dachigam nd represent summer and winter ranges. The animals found here, include musk deer, brown bear, black bear, leopard, elephant, etc.
12. Perlyar Wild Life Sanctuary : It is the southern most sanctuary situated in Kerela and was created in 1940. It covers about 77 sq.km. area and is situated around the artificial lake behind a dam built across Periyar river. It has wooden hills and valleys and grasslands. It is best known for elephants and also has gaur, leopard, sloth bear, black langur, water birds, etc.
13. Corbett National Park: It is one of the most famous sanctuary of India. It was the first a National Park started in 1935 and stretches over 525 sq.km. within west to south bend of river Ramganga, between Nainital and Garhwal districts in Uttar Pradesh. It is home of elephants, panthers, tigers, hyaeno, Indian Antelope, wild bears sloth bear, swamp deer, barking deer, etc. are among mammals; crocodile, python, king cobra, etc. among reptiles and babbler, bee eater, wood pecker, barbets, etc. among birds.
14. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary : This bird sanctuary is situated around one of the world’s biggest marshes at Bharatpur (Rajasthan). It has total area of 28 sq.km. and harbors all types of indigenous nesting water birds, migratory birds and water side birds. It harbors more than 328 varieties of birds. Most common among them are spoon bills, Indian darters, open bill stork, egrets, etc. In September, the birds migrate from all over India to Ghana and in early winters, migratory ducks, geese, cranes, etc. start nest formation here. It is a beautiful home of birds.
15. Sarika (Tigar Project) : This project has rock canyons of 800 sq. km. and is situated in district Alwar (Rajasthan). It is covered with dense Dohokra and solar forests and harbors langurs, hedgehog, four horned antelope, leopard, tiger, chital etc.
16. Kanha National Park : It was established in 1955 in the former Banjar Valley Reserve (M.P.). It has a very rich fauna and is well known for tigers and chitals. It covers about 939.94 sq.km. of area and is surrounded on three sides by Maikhal Hills. This park has sal trees and streams flow through meadows. It is situated 175 km. from Jabalpur and sambar, chital, panther, black buck, bara singha etc. are the important fauna found in it.
17. Chilka Lake : It is the largest inland lake with an area of 1000 sq.km. It is situated 100 km. from Bhuaneshwar and its best season is November-December. Its fauna include water fowls, ducks, golden plovers, flamingos, sandpipers, cranes, etc.
18. Tandoba National Park : This park is located in chandrapur district (Maharashtra) and spread over 116 sq.km. area. Important fauna, of this include langur, peafowl, barking deer, chital, bison, sambar, sloth deer, tiger, chinkara, blue bull, deer and few crocodiles.
19. Simplipal National Park (Tiger Project) : It is spread over 2750 sq.km. in district Mayuribhanj (Orissa) and is covered with dense sal forests. Its important fauna are tiger, deer, chital, sambar, elephant, peacock, panther, gaur, sloth bear, hyaena, etc.
20. Bandipur Wild Life Sanctuary : It was established in 1941 by the ruler of Mysore. It is situated 80 km. south of Mysore city and covers and area of 874 sq.km. It is located at an altitude of 1444’5 metres. Its fauna includes elephants, leopard, sloth bear, bear, wild dog, barking deer, panther, chital, etc.
21. Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary : It covers a stretch of 65 sq. km. of grassland and is situated in Jalpaiguri district (West Bengal). Horned rhinoceros, elephants, deer, leopard, gaur, a few birds, and reptiles, etc. are found in this sanctuary.